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Alanine aminotransferase predicts outcomes in elderly patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

Author(s):

Jianfeng Zheng, Rui Xu, Zongduo Guo and Xiaochuan Sun*  

Abstract:


Objective With the aging of the world population, a growing number of elderly patients suffered from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). We aim to investigate the potential association between plasma ALT level and clinical complications of elderly aSAH patients, and explore its predictive value for clinical outcomes of elderly aSAH patients.

Patients and Methods: Between January 2013 and March 2018, 152 elderly aSAH patients were analyzed in this study. Clinical information, imaging findings and laboratory data were reviewed. According to the Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS), clinical outcomes at 3 months were classified into favorable outcomes (GOS 4-5) and poor outcomes (GOS 1-3). Logistic regression analysis was used to assess the indicators associated with poor outcomes, and receiver curves (ROC) and corresponding area under the curve (AUC) were used to detect the accuracy of the indicator.

Results: A total of 48 (31.6 %) elderly patients with aSAH had poor outcome at 3 months. In addition to ICH, IVH, Hunt-Hess 4 or 5 Grade and Modified Fisher 3 or 4 Grade, plasma ALT level was also strongly associated with poor outcome of elderly aSAH patients. After adjusting for other covariates, plasma ALT level remained independently associated with pulmonary infection (OR 1.05; 95% CI 1.00–1.09; P = 0.018), cardiac complications (OR 1.05; 95% CI 1.01–1.08; P = 0.014) and urinary infection (OR 1.04; 95% CI 1.00–1.08; P = 0.032). Besides, plasma ALT level had a predictive ability in the occurrence of systemic complications (AUC 0.676; 95% CI: 0.586–0.766; P<0.001) and poor outcome (AUC 0.689; 95% CI: 0.605–0.773; P<0.001) in elderly aSAH patients.

Conclusions: Plasma ALT level of elderly patients with aSAH was significantly associated with systemic complications, and had additional clinical value in predicting outcomes. Given that plasma ALT levels on admission could help to identify high-risk elderly patients with aSAH, these findings are of clinical relevance.

Keywords:

Elderly, Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage, Alanine aminotransferase, Outcome

Affiliation:

Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, NO.1 of Youyi Rd, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, NO.1 of Youyi Rd, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, NO.1 of Youyi Rd, Yuzhong District, Chongqing, Department of Neurosurgery, the First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, NO.1 of Youyi Rd, Yuzhong District, Chongqing



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