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Donepezil Improves Gait Performance in Patients with an Acute Cerebral Infarction: A Prospective Observational Cohort Study

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Ying-Ying Lin, Shi-Jie Guo, Hui Quan, Yan-Xin Zhao* and Dong-Ya Huang*   Pages 304 - 311 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Hemiplegia is a common symptom after acute cerebral infarction.

Objective: This study aimed to explore the influence factors of gait performance and investigate whether donepezil could improve gait performance in patients with an acute cerebral infarction.

Methods: A total of 107 patients who experienced unilateral paresis after an acute cerebral infarction incident were enrolled in this prospectively observational study. Participants underwent a 3- month assessment. At the study's conclusion, patients were divided into 2 groups-those who received donepezil daily (observation Group) and those who did not (Control Group).

Results: There was a significant difference (t=3.269, P=0.001) of Wisconsin Gait Scale (WGS) score between single site infarction (27.11±6.65) and multiple sites infarction (31.54±6.42). For gender, smoking, drinking, hypertension, hyperlipidemia and diabetes, there was no difference in WGS scores between subgroups (P>0.05), respectively. The patient's admission National Institute of Health Stroke Scale(NIHSS) score had a strongly positive correlation with WGS score (r=0.850, P<0.001). Besides, age (r=0.218, P=0.024), glycosylated hemoglobin (r=0.274, P=0.004), MMSE (r=-0.261, P=0.007) and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) (r=-0.272, P=0.005) had a weak correlation with WGS scores. Multivariate analysis showed age (95% CI: 0.042~0.188, P=0.002), admission NIHSS score (95% CI: 2.405~3.137, P<0.001) and multiple sites infarction (95% CI: 0.044~2.983, P=0.044) were independent risk factors of WGS scores. WGS scores of both observation and control groups gradually decreased after admission (P<0.001). At 3 months after admission, WGS score of the observation group was significantly lower than the control group (t=2.468, P=0.015). There were no significant differences between observation and control group at admission and 1 month after admission (P>0.05) and WGS scores of both single site and multiple sites infarction gradually decreased at one month and three months after admission (P<0.001), while there was no significant difference between two groups (P>0.05).

Conclusion: Admission NIHSS score, age and multiple sites infarction were independent risk factors of WGS score. Donepezil could improve gait performance in patients with acute cerebral infarction.

Keywords:

Donepezil, cerebral infarction, gait performance, WGS, risk factors, NIHSS.

Affiliation:

Department of Neurology, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, 301 Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, Department of Neurology, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, 301 Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, Department of Neurology, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, 301 Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, Department of Neurology, Tongji University School of Medicine, Shanghai Tenth People’s Hospital, 301 Middle Yanchang Road, Shanghai 200072, Department of Neurology, Tongji University School of Medicine, East Hospital, 150 Jimo Road, Shanghai 200120



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