Submit Manuscript  

Article Details


Pathogenic Mechanisms of a Stroke-like attack Elicited by Epidural Steroid Injection Therapy

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 3 ]

Author(s):

Zhen He*   Pages 312 - 318 ( 7 )

Abstract:


Background: The pathogenic mechanisms involved in a disastrous scenario, following epidural steroid injections (ESI), remain unclarified. Intra-arterial injection of steroids with needlepenetrating vascular injury would be the culprit, as particulate medicine elicits a brain or spinal cord stroke-like attack.

Methods: On the other hand, the limited experimental approaches simulating an accidental steroid intra-arterial injection for ESI conflicted in their results: hemorrhage vs. ischemia.

Results: This article dissects the potential pathogenic mechanisms at a neurovascular unit. Noticeably, a schematic representation provides an explanation of how emboli formed by particulate steroids elicit either hemorrhagic, or ischemic lesion.

Conclusion: In addition, the development of a rat model with intravertebral artery steroid injection is a proposal to address the unmet need in evaluating steroids and vascular injury in ESI.

Keywords:

Epidural steroid injections, stroke, living neurovascular unit, pathogenic mechanism, particulate steroids, spinal cord.

Affiliation:

Division of Neurotoxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, Jefferson, AR 72079



Read Full-Text article