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Haptoglobin Genotype Affects Inflammation after Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

[ Vol. 17 , Issue. 5 ]

Author(s):

Aaron M. Gusdon, Jude Savarraj, Liang Zhu, Peeyush K. Thankamani Pandit, Sylvain DorĂ©, Devin W. McBride, HuiMahn A. Choi and Spiros L. Blackburn*   Pages 652 - 659 ( 8 )

Abstract:


Background: Haptoglobin (Hp) binds to and facilitates clearance of heme. Compared with HP 1-1 and 1-2 genotypes, HP 2-2 has a weaker binding affinity and has been linked with increased inflammation and vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

Objective: This study aims to assess levels of inflammatory cytokines in the context of different HP genotypes.

Methods: Patients were enrolled among those presenting with spontaneous aneurysmal SAH. Blood was drawn at four time points; <24 hours (T1), 24-48 hours (T2), 3-5 days (T3), and 6-8 days (T4). Blood was analyzed for levels of 41 cytokines at each time point, as well as for HP genotypes. These data were analyzed using mixed-effect models to assess the association between HP genotypes and cytokine levels. The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score was obtained at discharge, 3 months, and 6 months.

Results: Fifty-seven patients were enrolled. Compared with HP 1-1 and 1-2, subjects encoding HP 2-2 had elevated levels of the following cytokines at all time points: FLT3L, IFNγ, IL-17A, TGFα, and VEGF-A. Elevations were also seen at some time points for IL-8, CSF2, FGF2, IL-7, IL-12p70, and TNFα. This study was not powered to detect differences in the functional outcome; however, there were no significant differences in dichotomized mRS scores between patients with HP 1-1/1-2 or HP 2-2.

Conclusion: Our findings indicate that HP 2-2 genotype leads to increased proinflammatory cytokine levels compared with HP 1-1/1-2 genotypes. These data may provide guidance for further studies seeking to identify testable markers for functional prognosis or targets for treatment.

Keywords:

Haptoglobin, genotype, cytokines, subarachnoid hemorrhage, inflammation, cerebral ischemia.

Affiliation:

Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, Department of Anesthesiology, Center for Translational Research in Neurodegenerative Disease, University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, FL, Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, Department of Neurosurgery, McGovern Medicine School, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX

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