Hongyan Wang, Hong-Yu Li, Xiuhai Guo and Yongtao Zhou* Pages 244 - 253 ( 10 )
Background: Posture Instability (PI) is known to be a severe complication in Parkinson’s Disease (PD), and its mechanism remains poorly understood. Our study aims to explore the changes of brain network in PI of PD, and further investigate the role of peripheral inflammation on activities of different brain regions in PD with PI.
Methods: 167 individuals were recruited, including 36 PD cases with PI and 131 ones without PI. We carefully assessed the status of motor and cognitive function, measured serum inflammatory factors, and detected the dopaminergic pathways and the metabolism of different brain regions by Positron Emission Tomography (PET). Data analysis was conducted by variance, univariate analysis, chi-square analysis, logistic regression, and partial correlation.
Results: No difference was found for age or onset age between the two groups (P>0.05). Female patients were susceptible to posture impairment and had a 2.14-fold risk for PI compared with male patients in PD (P<0.05). Patients with PI had more severe impairment of motor and cognitive function for a longer duration than those without PI (P<0.05). The mean uptake ratios of presynaptic vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2), which were detected in the caudate nucleus and putamen, were lower in PI group than those without PI (P<0.05). There were lower activities of the midbrain, caudate nucleus, and anterior medial temporal cortex in PI group than those in the non-PI group (P<0.05). Although serum concentrations of immunoglobulins (IgG, IgM, and IgA) and complements (C3, C4) were higher in the PI group than those in the non-PI group, only serum IgM concentration had a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05). We further explored significant inverse correlations of IgG, IgM, IgA, and C4 with activities of some cerebral cortex in PI of PD (P<0.05).
Conclusion: Female patients were susceptible to posture instability and had a 2.14-fold risk for PI of PD. Patients with PI had more severe impairments of motor and cognitive function for a longer duration than those without PI. PI was associated with a dopamine drop of the nigrostriatal system and lower activities of the limbic cortex in PD. Peripheral inflammation may be involved in degeneration of the cerebral cortex in PD combined with PI.
Parkinson disease, posture instability, dopamine, inflammation factors, limbic cortex, PET-CT.
The Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 10053, School of Pharmacy, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, The Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 10053, The Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital of Capital Medical University, Beijing 10053