Dong Hoon Lee, Jae Hoon Sung*, Ho Jun Yi, Min Hyung Lee and Seung Yoon Song Pages 78 - 84 ( 7 )
Introduction: Susceptibility-Eeighted Imaging (SWI) enables visualization of thrombotic material in acute ischemic stroke. We analyzed the association between thrombus length on SWI and the success rate of recanalization in stent-retriever mechanical thrombectomy.
Methods: A retrospective study was performed on 128 patients with Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) thrombus on pretreatment SWI. The patients were divided into 2 groups, the successful recanalization and the failed recanalization group. Thrombus visibility and location on SWI were compared to those on Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP) in Computed Tomography (CT) angiography. A comparative analysis was performed in terms of clinical and radiologic outcomes as well as complications with respect to multiple categories.
Results: No significant differences were noted in terms of baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes between the 2 groups. However, compared with the successful recanalization group, the failed recanalization group had a larger number of stent-retriever passages and a longer thrombus length (p = 0.027 and 0.014, respectively). Multivariate analyses revealed that a larger mean number of stent-retriever passages was a predictive factor for failure of recanalization (odds ratio [OR] 1.60; 95% confidence Interval [CI] 1.12-2.08; p = 0.04). Thrombus length (OR 9.91; 95% CI 3.89-13.87; p < 0.001) and atrial fibrillation (OR 5.38; 95% CI 1.51-9.58; p = 0.008) were separately associated with more than 3 stent-retriever passages.
Conclusion: Thrombus length has been identified as a predictor of recanalization failure in mechanical thrombectomy. A significant decline in the success rate of recanalization was associated with longer thrombus length.
Mechanical thrombectomy, thrombus length, susceptibility-weighted imaging, failed recanalization, 3 stent-retriever passages, maximum intensity projection.
Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Department of Neurosurgery, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Department of Neurosurgery, Eunpyeong St. Mary’s Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul, Department of Neurosurgery, St. Vincent's Hospital, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul